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 2004-05-10, 14:11 #1 tom11784     Aug 2003 Upstate NY, USA 2×163 Posts buckets of water The problem is that we have 3 buckets of water. Bucket 1 has a capacity of 3 gallons and is initially empty. Bucket 2 has a capacity of 5 gallons and is initially full of 50 degree water. Bucket 3 has a capacity of 6 gallons and is initially full of 90 degree water. Now the "non-real-life" conditions: 1) We can only move water between these three buckets. 2) We can purposely spill water, but once it's spilled we can't pick it back up. (so don't try this inside your home) 3) The water temperature will not change due to air temperature, change in pressure, etc. 4) When you mix water from buckets of different temperature, all the water becomes the average temperature before our next transfer. (no waiting for heat transfer - mixing 1 gallon of 50deg and 3 gallons of 90deg produces 4 gallons of 80deg) 5) We can only be precise when completely filling or emptying a bucket (i.e. pouring 3 gallons from the 6 gallon bucket into the empty 3 gallon bucket) The puzzle is what integer temperatures between 50 and 90 can be produced? This is not my puzzle, so I only have a partial answer. HA! You thought this would be my partial answer, didn't you? Also, this is the first puzzle I've posted so if anything seems unclear, let me know.
 2004-05-10, 14:57 #2 Wacky     Jun 2003 The Texas Hill Country 44116 Posts A small question about mixing: Consider the following -- The 5 gal bucket is full. What happens if we attempt to pour the contents of the 6 gal bucket into it? Obviously, we will spill 6 gal. But at what temperature? Do we assume that there is absolutely no mixing (The original 5 gal @ 50 degrees remains in the bucket and the 6 gal @ 90 degrees gets spilled) ? or this -- Pour out 3 gal of 90 degree water. The remaining water has an average temperature of (5*50 + 3*90)/8 = 65 degrees. Unfortunately, none of the water is at that temperature. However, we can mix the water in the 3 buckets a (infinite) number of times and get it all to the same temperature. Is the procedure allowed?
2004-05-10, 16:54   #3
tom11784

Aug 2003
Upstate NY, USA

2·163 Posts

Quote:
 Originally Posted by Wacky A small question about mixing: The 5 gal bucket is full. What happens if we attempt to pour the contents of the 6 gal bucket into it? Obviously, we will spill 6 gal. But at what temperature? Do we assume that there is absolutely no mixing (The original 5 gal @ 50 degrees remains in the bucket and the 6 gal @ 90 degrees gets spilled) ?
I've assumed this to mean no mixing so we would have a 50deg bucket.(another non-real-life conditional)
Quote:
 Originally Posted by Wacky Pour out 3 gal of 90 degree water. The remaining water has an average temperature of (5*50 + 3*90)/8 = 65 degrees. ... we can mix the water in the 3 buckets a (infinite) number of times ... Is the procedure allowed?
Let's allow these and mark any temperature only arrived at in this manner with some sort of special notation.

 2004-05-14, 20:51 #4 Fusion_power     Aug 2003 Snicker, AL 3BF16 Posts An interesting problem. Lets say I pour 3 gallons of 90 degree water into the 3 gallon bucket. I then pour 3 gallons of 50 degree water back into the 6 gallon bucket producing a temperature of 70. Now I have 3 temperatures to work with. 3 gallons (in 3 gallon bucket) at 90 2 gallons (in 5 gallon bucket) at 50 6 gallons (in 6 gallon bucket) at 70 It looks like a simple recursive from there. Fusion
2004-05-14, 20:58   #5
Uncwilly
6809 > 6502

"""""""""""""""""""
Aug 2003
101×103 Posts

5·7·172 Posts

Quote:
 Originally Posted by Fusion_power 3 gallons (in 3 gallon bucket) at 90 2 gallons (in 5 gallon bucket) at 50 6 gallons (in 6 gallon bucket) at 70
Pour the 3G of 90D from 3GB into 5GB, get 5G of 74D
or
Pour 3G of 70D from 6GB into 5GB, get 5G of 72D

Total accounted for 50, 70, 72, 74, 90.

2004-05-15, 10:43   #6
Qbert

May 2004

22 Posts

Quote:
 Originally Posted by tom11784 5) We can only be precise when completely filling or emptying a bucket (i.e. pouring 3 gallons from the 6 gallon bucket into the empty 3 gallon bucket)
I'm a little unclear about this point. I assume this suggests that when transferring water from one bucket to another or to the floor, you can only transfer either the entire contents of the initial bucket or the remaining space in the destination bucket, assuming either is possible. Is this true?

Bucket 1 has a capacity of 3 gallons and is initially empty.
Bucket 2 has a capacity of 5 gallons and is initially full of 50 degree water.
Bucket 3 has a capacity of 6 gallons and is initially full of 90 degree water.

Meaning that the following is not allowed:
Pour 1 gallon of water from Bucket 2 into Bucket 1.

If this true, I believe I have the answer. I'm going to try to work with it a little more to see if I've exhausted every permutation.

2004-05-15, 12:17   #7
Wacky

Jun 2003
The Texas Hill Country

32×112 Posts

Quote:
 Originally Posted by Qbert Meaning that the following is not allowed: Pour 1 gallon of water from Bucket 2 into Bucket 1.
That is correct. You have no way to measure the 1 gallon at that point.

 2004-05-15, 14:55 #8 tom11784     Aug 2003 Upstate NY, USA 2×163 Posts Right - the only initial actions that can be made are to: A) Pour 3 gallons from bucket 2 into bucket 1 B) Pour 3 gallons from bucket 3 into bucket 1
2004-05-15, 17:36   #9
Wacky

Jun 2003
The Texas Hill Country

100010000012 Posts

Quote:
 Originally Posted by tom11784 Right - the only initial actions that can be made are to: A) Pour 3 gallons from bucket 2 into bucket 1 B) Pour 3 gallons from bucket 3 into bucket 1
Sorry, you left out two other options:

C) Pour 5 gallons from bucket 2 onto the floor
D) Pour 6 gallons from bucket 3 onto the floor

(But they don't lead to any interesting possibilities.)

 2004-05-15, 17:41 #10 tom11784     Aug 2003 Upstate NY, USA 2·163 Posts I found those trivial .... and thus of no interest to people here
 2004-05-15, 20:20 #11 Qbert   May 2004 410 Posts I'm still trying to think of some options, but I've been able to account for the following temperatures. 50, 55, 56, 57, 58, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 90 I'm still not sure whether or not the integer temperatures would follow a difference to 50 and 90 pattern. If so, notice peculiarities would be 54, 59 All of these temperatures are attainable in a discrete number of steps. I don't believe using an infinite number of steps would result in anything worthwhile.

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