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 2018-03-15, 10:13 #1 JeppeSN     "Jeppe" Jan 2016 Denmark 22·41 Posts Smallest prime of the form a^2^m + b^2^m, m>=14 I was creating a new OEIS entry as a kind of procrastination... I wonder what the first (probable) prime of the form $$a^{16384}+b^{16384}$$ is. Since this type of (extended) generalized Fermat numbers is mentioned in many sources (in the web), I would think someone had determined the answer? I had no lucky googling. For each $$m<14$$, brute force will relatively early find a probable prime $$a^{2^m}+b^{2^m}$$. The last of these is $$72^{8192} + 43^{8192}$$ which can be found i Caldwell's database: 72^8192 + 43^8192 So what about $$m \ge 14$$? /JeppeSN
2018-03-15, 10:37   #2
science_man_88

"Forget I exist"
Jul 2009
Dumbassville

203008 Posts

Quote:
 Originally Posted by JeppeSN I was creating a new OEIS entry as a kind of procrastination... I wonder what the first (probable) prime of the form $$a^{16384}+b^{16384}$$ is. Since this type of (extended) generalized Fermat numbers is mentioned in many sources (in the web), I would think someone had determined the answer? I had no lucky googling. For each $$m<14$$, brute force will relatively early find a probable prime $$a^{2^m}+b^{2^m}$$. The last of these is $$72^{8192} + 43^{8192}$$ which can be found i Caldwell's database: 72^8192 + 43^8192 So what about $$m \ge 14$$? /JeppeSN
a and b must be coprime. Their powers can't be addiive inverse remainders of each other.Etc.

 2018-03-15, 11:22 #3 axn     Jun 2003 37×131 Posts Not sure about first, but... http://www.primenumbers.net/prptop/s...&action=Search these are of the form a^16384+(a+1)^16384 Last fiddled with by axn on 2018-03-15 at 11:22
 2018-03-15, 11:33 #4 axn     Jun 2003 37×131 Posts what is the form of factors for these numbers? It will be k*2^14+1, but will k itself has other restrictions (like k is a multiple of 2 or 4 or something? other modular restrictions?)
2018-03-15, 11:35   #5
Dr Sardonicus

Feb 2017
Nowhere

3·11·127 Posts

Quote:
 Originally Posted by JeppeSN I was creating a new OEIS entry as a kind of procrastination... I wonder what the first (probable) prime of the form $$a^{16384}+b^{16384}$$ is.
I would say 2 (a = b = 1).

2018-03-15, 12:12   #6
JeppeSN

"Jeppe"
Jan 2016
Denmark

22×41 Posts

Quote:
 Originally Posted by axn what is the form of factors for these numbers? It will be k*2^14+1, but will k itself has other restrictions (like k is a multiple of 2 or 4 or something? other modular restrictions?)
I would say the multiplier must be even, so it becomes (under a new convention where k is odd) $$k\cdot 2^n + 1$$ where $$n \ge 15$$. See also New GFN factors (Wilfrid Keller).

/JeppeSN

2018-03-15, 12:19   #7
JeppeSN

"Jeppe"
Jan 2016
Denmark

22×41 Posts

Quote:
 Originally Posted by Dr Sardonicus I would say 2 (a = b = 1).
I should have said I was interested in odd primes only (and the number 1 is not prime).

Therefore a and b cannot both be odd. And as said by science_man_88 above, additionally a and b must be coprime.

These comments imply that a and b are distinct. Without loss of generality, a > b > 0.

/JeppeSN

2018-03-15, 13:23   #8
Dr Sardonicus

Feb 2017
Nowhere

3·11·127 Posts

Quote:
 Originally Posted by JeppeSN I should have said I was interested in odd primes only (and the number 1 is not prime).
There are some large "generalized Fermat" primes listed, e.g. here; these have the forms

a^(2^20) + 1, a^(2^19) + 1, and a^(2^18) + 1.

Of course, they might not be the smallest prime a^(2^k) + b^(2^k) for their exponents.

In looking at smaller exponents, it did occur to me to look at cases

(a^(2^k) + b^(2^k))/2 with a*b odd. I noticed that (3^2 + 1)/2 and (3^4 + 1)/2 were primes, and, since I knew 2^32 + 1 isn't prime, I tried n = (3^32 + 1)/2. Pari's ispseudoprime(n) returned 1...

2018-03-15, 15:33   #9
VBCurtis

"Curtis"
Feb 2005
Riverside, CA

7×661 Posts

Quote:
 Originally Posted by JeppeSN I should have said I was interested in odd primes only (and the number 1 is not prime). /JeppeSN
Your OP never mentioned a and b should be prime. I don't see why "1 is not prime" is relevant. Do you mean to now require a>b>1?

2018-03-15, 16:10   #10
JeppeSN

"Jeppe"
Jan 2016
Denmark

22×41 Posts

Quote:
 Originally Posted by VBCurtis Your OP never mentioned a and b should be prime. I don't see why "1 is not prime" is relevant. Do you mean to now require a>b>1?
No. I wanted to forbid $$1 = 1^{16384} + 0^{16384}$$ as another trivial "solution".

I do not want any trivial solutions.

I know $$(a, b) = (67234, 1)$$ gives an acceptable solution ($$b=1$$ is allowed), but it is certainly not minimal (although we do not have the proof until someone gives an example (EDIT: axn's first post in this thread already gave examples)).

Nitpicking is fine, but hopefully everyone sees I am just asking for the equivalent of $$72^{8192} + 43^{8192}$$ with exponents $$16384$$.

/JeppeSN

Last fiddled with by JeppeSN on 2018-03-15 at 16:15

2018-03-15, 16:46   #11
JeppeSN

"Jeppe"
Jan 2016
Denmark

22·41 Posts

Me:
Quote:
 Originally Posted by JeppeSN For each $$m<14$$, brute force will relatively early find a probable prime $$a^{2^m}+b^{2^m}$$. The last of these is $$72^{8192} + 43^{8192}$$ which can be found i Caldwell's database: 72^8192 + 43^8192
To be explicit, this is what brute force finds:

Code:
m=0,  2^1 + 1^1
m=1,  2^2 + 1^2
m=2,  2^4 + 1^4
m=3,  2^8 + 1^8
m=4,  2^16 + 1^16
m=5,  9^32 + 8^32
m=6,  11^64 + 8^64
m=7,  27^128 + 20^128
m=8,  14^256 + 5^256
m=9,  13^512 + 2^512
m=10, 47^1024 + 26^1024
m=11, 22^2048 + 3^2048
m=12, 53^4096 + 2^4096
m=13, 72^8192 + 43^8192
The next line takes more time. The question is: Hasn't this been considered before?!

/JeppeSN

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