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Old 2020-11-07, 23:51   #1
Xyzzy
 
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"Mike"
Aug 2002

172008 Posts
Default $220

We had an immediate need for a computer due to an "emergency".

We also didn't want to spend a lot of money.

So we ended up with this: https://support.hp.com/sk-en/document/c06655542

https://www.bestbuy.com/site/hp-stre...?skuId=6413689

Why this computer?

It has enough juice to run a modern (GUI) Linux distro easily. We are using Debian 10 right now, from this very computer.

It is fanless so it is totally silent. It uses a VLP CPU so the battery lasts all day!

It suspends and resumes without complaining.

It actually looks nice!

The hotkeys for the screen brightness and volume work.

The touchpad works. It allows right, left and middle clicks!

It has a USB C port (!) and two USB A ports, which are more than enough for us.

The screen is just wide enough (1366×768) to not feel cramped.

The BIOS (amazingly) allows for CSM AKA non-UEFI booting, which greatly simplifies partitioning.

The service manual is freely available and you can actually fix the computer if it breaks. We have attached the service manual to this post.

It is quite slim and lightweight. It probably isn't super strong but we don't plan to go whitewater rafting or parachuting with it.

The price is really reasonable!

64GB of eMMC storage is plenty. We installed a pile of stuff and we are only using a fraction of that space. Some people worry that eMMC storage doesn't have the durability to survive constant writes. User jvang has been abusing a similar Dell laptop with half the storage for months without problems, and he typically has 50-100 browser tabs open and the swap file churning. There is no option for a SSD inside but for $220 we can accept this limitation. We do try to limit our swapping, just to be safe. There is a memory card slot so we are thinking of putting the swap on a SD card.

Notes:

We use the EXT4 filesystem and a swap file instead of a swap partition.

The wireless adapter built in isn't recognized by the Debian installer but after (hours) of messing around we found that after installing the system without a network configured we were able to install (dpkg -i) a non-free .deb firmware file and rmmod r8822be && modprobe r8822be the device driver and the wireless started working. It also works persistently across reboots.

We installed the x86 (32-bit) version of Debian because the program binaries are much smaller. The x86 kernel is PAE so the full 4GB of memory is available.

We used the 10.0.0 ISO because we wanted to create a reproducible build. After the first reboot just run apt-get update && apt-get upgrade and then the system is current.

If you have any questions please ask!



Code:
$ lsblk
NAME         MAJ:MIN RM  SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
mmcblk0      179:0    0 58.2G  0 disk 
└─mmcblk0p1  179:1    0 58.2G  0 part /
mmcblk0boot0 179:256  0    4M  1 disk 
mmcblk0boot1 179:512  0    4M  1 disk
Code:
$ df -h
Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
udev            1.9G     0  1.9G   0% /dev
tmpfs           378M   11M  367M   3% /run
/dev/mmcblk0p1   58G   11G   44G  19% /
tmpfs           1.9G   20M  1.9G   2% /dev/shm
tmpfs           5.0M  4.0K  5.0M   1% /run/lock
tmpfs           1.9G     0  1.9G   0% /sys/fs/cgroup
tmpfs           378M  4.9M  373M   2% /run/user/1000
Code:
$ lscpu
Architecture:        i686
CPU op-mode(s):      32-bit, 64-bit
Byte Order:          Little Endian
Address sizes:       39 bits physical, 48 bits virtual
CPU(s):              2
On-line CPU(s) list: 0,1
Thread(s) per core:  1
Core(s) per socket:  2
Socket(s):           1
Vendor ID:           GenuineIntel
CPU family:          6
Model:               122
Model name:          Intel(R) Celeron(R) N4020 CPU @ 1.10GHz
Stepping:            8
CPU MHz:             961.521
CPU max MHz:         2800.0000
CPU min MHz:         800.0000
BogoMIPS:            2188.80
Virtualization:      VT-x
L1d cache:           24K
L1i cache:           32K
L2 cache:            4096K
Flags:               fpu vme de pse tsc msr pae mce cx8 apic sep mtrr pge mca cmov pat pse36 clflush dts acpi mmx fxsr sse sse2 ss ht tm pbe nx pdpe1gb rdtscp lm constant_tsc art arch_perfmon pebs bts xtopology nonstop_tsc cpuid aperfmperf tsc_known_freq pni pclmulqdq dtes64 monitor ds_cpl vmx est tm2 ssse3 sdbg cx16 xtpr pdcm sse4_1 sse4_2 x2apic movbe popcnt tsc_deadline_timer aes xsave rdrand lahf_lm 3dnowprefetch cpuid_fault cat_l2 cdp_l2 ssbd ibrs ibpb stibp ibrs_enhanced tpr_shadow vnmi flexpriority ept vpid ept_ad fsgsbase tsc_adjust smep erms mpx rdt_a rdseed smap clflushopt intel_pt sha_ni xsaveopt xsavec xgetbv1 xsaves dtherm ida arat pln pts umip rdpid md_clear arch_capabilities
Code:
$ uname -a
Linux m 4.19.0-5-686-pae #1 SMP Debian 4.19.37-5 (2019-06-19) i686 GNU/Linux
Code:
$ top -n1

top - 17:34:39 up  5:04,  1 user,  load average: 0.79, 0.60, 0.72
Tasks: 158 total,   1 running, 157 sleeping,   0 stopped,   0 zombie
%Cpu0  : 17.6 us, 11.8 sy,  0.0 ni, 70.6 id,  0.0 wa,  0.0 hi,  0.0 si,  0.0 st
%Cpu1  :  5.9 us,  0.0 sy,  0.0 ni, 94.1 id,  0.0 wa,  0.0 hi,  0.0 si,  0.0 st
MiB Mem :   3774.9 total,   1552.7 free,    725.7 used,   1496.6 buff/cache
MiB Swap:   3774.9 total,   3700.9 free,     74.0 used.   2514.5 avail Mem 

  PID USER      PR  NI    VIRT    RES    SHR S  %CPU  %MEM     TIME+ COMMAND                                                                          
  837 m         20   0  956.9m 124.8m  62.2m S   0.0   3.3  11:07.58 /usr/bin/gnome-shell                                                             
  880 m          9 -11 1986.9m  19.7m  12.3m S   6.2   0.5  10:35.66 /usr/bin/pulseaudio --daemonize=no                                               
  863 m         20   0  153.7m  40.0m  28.3m S   0.0   1.1   3:01.94 /usr/bin/Xwayland :0 -rootless -terminate -accessx -core -listen 4 -listen 5 -d+ 
20113 m         20   0 1042.2m 299.7m 152.5m S   6.2   7.9   1:30.50 /usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr                                                 
20232 m         20   0  546.1m 158.3m 124.6m S   6.2   4.2   1:08.14 /usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr -contentproc -childID 3 -isForBrowser -prefsLe+ 
 1198 m         20   0   94.9m  37.2m  27.6m S   0.0   1.0   1:04.97 /usr/lib/gnome-terminal/gnome-terminal-server                                    
10978 m         30  10   10.4m   3.7m   3.1m S   0.0   0.1   0:43.19 top                                                                              
    1 root      20   0   35.6m   8.2m   6.9m S   0.0   0.2   0:24.08 /sbin/init                                                                       
  120 root     -51   0    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m S   0.0   0.0   0:12.49 [irq/68-ELAN0704]                                                                
   10 root      20   0    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m I   0.0   0.0   0:09.12 [rcu_sched]                                                                      
20202 m         20   0  559.0m 138.4m  81.2m S   0.0   3.7   0:07.38 /usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr -contentproc -childID 2 -isForBrowser -prefsLe+ 
  145 root      -2   0    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m S   0.0   0.0   0:06.73 [i915/signal:0]                                                                  
 1082 m         20   0  212.9m  72.6m  27.2m S   0.0   1.9   0:06.26 /usr/bin/gnome-software --gapplication-service                                   
  342 message+  20   0    7.9m   4.5m   3.2m S   0.0   0.1   0:05.38 /usr/bin/dbus-daemon --system --address=systemd: --nofork --nopidfile --systemd+ 
  427 root       0 -20    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m I   0.0   0.0   0:05.16 [kworker/1:3H-kblockd]                                                           
   17 root      20   0    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m S   0.0   0.0   0:04.66 [ksoftirqd/1]                                                                    
 8052 root       0 -20    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m I   0.0   0.0   0:04.38 [kworker/0:2H-kblockd]                                                           
  351 root      20   0   72.8m  11.2m  10.0m S   0.0   0.3   0:04.32 /usr/sbin/NetworkManager --no-daemon                                             
  876 m         20   0   30.6m   6.3m   3.8m S   0.0   0.2   0:02.27 /usr/lib/at-spi2-core/at-spi2-registryd --use-gnome-session                      
19924 root      20   0    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m I   0.0   0.0   0:01.95 [kworker/0:1-events]                                                             
  940 m         20   0   64.7m   7.9m   7.2m S   0.0   0.2   0:01.92 /usr/lib/gnome-settings-daemon/gsd-sharing                                       
   36 root      20   0    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m S   0.0   0.0   0:01.91 [kswapd0]                                                                        
  179 root      20   0    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m S   0.0   0.0   0:01.76 [jbd2/mmcblk0p1-]                                                                
  802 m         20   0    7.7m   4.6m   3.3m S   0.0   0.1   0:01.70 /usr/bin/dbus-daemon --session --address=systemd: --nofork --nopidfile --system+ 
  434 root      20   0   44.1m   9.3m   5.3m S   0.0   0.2   0:01.61 /usr/lib/policykit-1/polkitd --no-debug                                          
19585 root      20   0    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m I   0.0   0.0   0:01.39 [kworker/u8:2-phy0]                                                              
19869 root      20   0    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m I   0.0   0.0   0:01.35 [kworker/u8:3-i915]                                                              
  954 m         20   0   99.0m  22.8m  19.4m S   0.0   0.6   0:01.23 /usr/lib/gnome-settings-daemon/gsd-xsettings
Attached Files
File Type: pdf maintenance-and-service-guide.pdf (5.45 MB, 12 views)
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Old 2020-11-08, 01:43   #2
Xyzzy
 
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"Mike"
Aug 2002

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Here is our plan for swap memory on a $10 SD card.

Our understanding is that flash memory is consumed in a round-robin manner. IOW, you are not hitting the same "sector" over and over.

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wear_leveling
Quote:
Wear leveling attempts to work around these limitations by arranging data so that erasures and re-writes are distributed evenly across the medium. In this way, no single erase block prematurely fails due to a high concentration of write cycles.
SD cards are available in "endurance" versions. They are slightly slower than regular SD cards but they are rated for many hours of continuous use. Maybe they are slower because they have a special "controller" or maybe they use more durable memory?

https://www.amazon.com/Samsung-Endur...dp/B07B98GXQT/

This 32GB model is rated for 17,520 continuous hours, or two complete years!

Having 32GB of swap on a 4GB system sounds ridiculous but all that capacity will be used just for longevity.

Review: https://www.storagereview.com/review...d-review-128gb

Or, it will catch on fire and die.

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Old 2020-11-08, 06:39   #3
Mark Rose
 
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"/X\(‘-‘)/X\"
Jan 2013

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SD cards don't do wear leveling, so you may it out quickly if you actually use swap.You might want to try using F2FS on it, and put a swapfile on it instead. You'll need at least Linux 5.3 to do that.

I'd also consider running the 64 bit version, even with the larger binaries, because 32 bit x86 isn't well test at this point: things will be broken in the kernel and no one will notice for a long time, because very few people are using 32 bit.

That being said, I'm running 32 bit Debian 10 on a 15 year old laptop.
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Old 2020-11-08, 06:46   #4
retina
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"The unspeakable one"
Jun 2006
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I use 0kB swap files. I find I never need to swap. I think it is a "solution" looking for a problem when the system has plenty of RAM.
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Old 2020-11-08, 15:18   #5
PhilF
 
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Feb 2005
Colorado

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Quote:
Originally Posted by Mark Rose View Post
SD cards don't do wear leveling, so you may it out quickly if you actually use swap.You might want to try using F2FS on it, and put a swapfile on it instead. You'll need at least Linux 5.3 to do that.

I'd also consider running the 64 bit version, even with the larger binaries, because 32 bit x86 isn't well test at this point: things will be broken in the kernel and no one will notice for a long time, because very few people are using 32 bit.

That being said, I'm running 32 bit Debian 10 on a 15 year old laptop.
I think the N4000 is a 32 bit processor.

EDIT: Well, I retract that. It has "Intel 64", a special designation which only a few processors have, and that made me think it might be only masquerading as a 64-bit processor.

Last fiddled with by PhilF on 2020-11-08 at 16:05
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Old 2020-11-09, 05:10   #6
Mark Rose
 
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Quote:
Originally Posted by PhilF View Post
I think the N4000 is a 32 bit processor.

EDIT: Well, I retract that. It has "Intel 64", a special designation which only a few processors have, and that made me think it might be only masquerading as a 64-bit processor.
Intel 64 is like AMD 64: it's Intel's implementation of x86-64. Just about every CPU Intel has made in the last 15 years supports it.

A lot of these low end processors did ship in systems equipped with 32-bit Windows, which could be the source of confusion.
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Old 2020-11-10, 02:06   #7
Xyzzy
 
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Aug 2002

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We got the SD card today. It was easy to install and set up. We were worried that the interface might not be "set up" in time to enable the swap during boot but it appears to work fine. We did use the "UUID" name method in /etc/fstab since /dev/sda could change depending on whether or not other USB-ish devices are plugged in.

Code:
top - 20:05:43 up 9 min,  1 user,  load average: 1.63, 1.55, 0.86
Tasks: 157 total,   1 running, 156 sleeping,   0 stopped,   0 zombie
%Cpu0  : 21.1 us, 15.8 sy,  0.0 ni, 63.2 id,  0.0 wa,  0.0 hi,  0.0 si,  0.0 st
%Cpu1  : 15.8 us,  5.3 sy,  0.0 ni, 36.8 id, 42.1 wa,  0.0 hi,  0.0 si,  0.0 st
MiB Mem :   3775.0 total,   1350.2 free,   1522.2 used,    902.6 buff/cache
MiB Swap:  30527.0 total,  30527.0 free,      0.0 used.   1787.5 avail Mem 

  PID USER      PR  NI    VIRT    RES    SHR S  %CPU  %MEM     TIME+ COMMAND                                                                          
 1485 m         20   0 1041.6m 266.7m 125.5m S   6.2   7.1   1:31.09 /usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr                                                 
 1901 m         20   0  635.8m 185.2m 133.7m S  12.5   4.9   0:37.26 /usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr -contentproc -childID 9 -isForBrowser -prefsLe+ 
  883 m         20   0  918.9m 117.4m  73.9m S  12.5   3.1   0:33.98 /usr/bin/gnome-shell                                                             
 1717 m         20   0  714.3m 245.6m 103.5m S   0.0   6.5   0:31.70 /usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr -contentproc -childID 6 -isForBrowser -prefsLe+ 
 1657 m         20   0  720.9m 313.5m 101.9m S   0.0   8.3   0:23.49 /usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr -contentproc -childID 4 -isForBrowser -prefsLe+ 
 1626 m         20   0  749.8m 299.8m 101.1m S   0.0   7.9   0:19.53 /usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr -contentproc -childID 3 -isForBrowser -prefsLe+ 
 1689 m         20   0  596.6m 192.4m 101.2m S   0.0   5.1   0:16.70 /usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr -contentproc -childID 5 -isForBrowser -prefsLe+ 
  910 m         20   0  142.5m  50.3m  39.3m S   0.0   1.3   0:10.55 /usr/bin/Xwayland :0 -rootless -terminate -accessx -core -listen 4 -listen 5 -d+ 
 1581 m         20   0  575.1m 141.6m  81.0m S   0.0   3.8   0:10.36 /usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr -contentproc -childID 2 -isForBrowser -prefsLe+ 
 1532 m         20   0  501.6m 144.2m  93.6m S   0.0   3.8   0:05.28 /usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr -contentproc -childID 1 -isForBrowser -prefsLe+ 
    1 root      20   0   34.6m   8.6m   7.0m S   0.0   0.2   0:03.66 /sbin/init                                                                       
 1133 m         20   0  212.0m  80.7m  31.5m S   0.0   2.1   0:03.35 /usr/bin/gnome-software --gapplication-service                                   
 1230 m         20   0   92.6m  37.7m  28.8m S   6.2   1.0   0:02.43 /usr/lib/gnome-terminal/gnome-terminal-server                                    
 1934 m         20   0  451.2m 117.9m  89.1m S   0.0   3.1   0:01.69 /usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr -contentproc -childID 10 -isForBrowser -prefsL+ 
  453 message+  20   0    7.9m   5.2m   3.8m S   0.0   0.1   0:01.25 /usr/bin/dbus-daemon --system --address=systemd: --nofork --nopidfile --systemd+ 
 1874 m         20   0  436.9m  98.4m  82.3m S   0.0   2.6   0:00.96 /usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr -contentproc -childID 8 -isForBrowser -prefsLe+ 
  486 root      20   0   39.6m   9.9m   5.9m S   0.0   0.3   0:00.93 /usr/lib/policykit-1/polkitd --no-debug                                          
   57 root      20   0    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m I   0.0   0.0   0:00.76 [kworker/0:2-events]                                                             
   36 root      20   0    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m I   0.0   0.0   0:00.61 [kworker/1:2-events_long]                                                        
  467 root      20   0   80.9m  14.3m  12.6m S   0.0   0.4   0:00.56 /usr/sbin/NetworkManager --no-daemon                                             
  471 avahi     20   0    6.1m   3.3m   3.0m S   0.0   0.1   0:00.54 avahi-daemon: running [m.local]                                                  
  480 root       0 -20    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m I   0.0   0.0   0:00.51 [kworker/0:4H-kblockd]                                                           
   58 root      20   0    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m I   0.0   0.0   0:00.49 [kworker/u8:1-events_unbound]                                                    
   10 root      20   0    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m I   0.0   0.0   0:00.47 [rcu_sched]                                                                      
  153 root       0 -20    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m D   0.0   0.0   0:00.44 [kworker/1:1H+kblockd]                                                           
    7 root      20   0    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m I   0.0   0.0   0:00.43 [kworker/u8:0-events_unbound]                                                    
  310 root      20   0    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m I   0.0   0.0   0:00.40 [kworker/u8:3-i915]                                                              
 1128 m         20   0  225.3m  50.5m  39.6m S   0.0   1.3   0:00.40 /usr/lib/evolution/evolution-data-server/evolution-alarm-notify                  
  142 root      -2   0    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m S   0.0   0.0   0:00.33 [i915/signal:0]                                                                  
  155 root      20   0    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m I   0.0   0.0   0:00.31 [kworker/1:3-events_power_efficient]                                             
  127 root      20   0    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m I   0.0   0.0   0:00.29 [kworker/0:3-events_power_efficient]
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Old 2020-11-10, 21:26   #8
Xyzzy
 
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"Mike"
Aug 2002

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We rendered the "BMW" demo file in Blender last night. We didn't know what to expect, but our 3950X system could render that scene in less than a minute.

The time? 5 hours, 44 minutes and 21.22 seconds!

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Old 2020-11-10, 22:16   #9
VBCurtis
 
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"Curtis"
Feb 2005
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Swap much? Yeesh.
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Old 2020-11-10, 23:43   #10
Xyzzy
 
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It didn't hit the swap. The CPU is really slow and I have a 32-bit OS installed.

It is surprisingly snappy with Firefox and ordinary apps though!

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Old 2020-11-16, 16:17   #11
Xyzzy
 
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"Mike"
Aug 2002

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Here is our swap usage and stuff after almost a week of use. The laptop continues to have a surprisingly snappy response!
Code:
top - 10:14:42 up 6 days, 14:18,  1 user,  load average: 2.11, 1.49, 1.26
Tasks: 169 total,   4 running, 165 sleeping,   0 stopped,   0 zombie
%Cpu0  : 23.5 us,  5.9 sy,  0.0 ni, 64.7 id,  5.9 wa,  0.0 hi,  0.0 si,  0.0 st
%Cpu1  : 23.5 us, 17.6 sy,  0.0 ni, 58.8 id,  0.0 wa,  0.0 hi,  0.0 si,  0.0 st
MiB Mem :   3775.0 total,    503.5 free,   2427.9 used,    843.6 buff/cache
MiB Swap:  30527.0 total,  30171.7 free,    355.2 used.    876.4 avail Mem 

  PID USER      PR  NI    VIRT    RES    SHR S  %CPU  %MEM     TIME+ COMMAND                                                                          
13139 m         20   0 2018.3m 438.2m 116.9m R  18.8  11.6 316:00.06 /usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr                                                 
13299 m         20   0 1168.6m 350.4m 120.1m S   0.0   9.3 197:16.88 /usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr -contentproc -childID 4 -isForBrowser -prefsLe+ 
  930 m          9 -11 2242.9m  10.7m   9.7m S   0.0   0.3 193:38.03 /usr/bin/pulseaudio --daemonize=no                                               
16593 m         20   0 1067.3m 268.5m  99.6m S   0.0   7.1  82:05.84 /usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr -contentproc -childID 52 -isForBrowser -prefsL+ 
  883 m         20   0  957.4m 114.2m  52.8m S   6.2   3.0  74:19.74 /usr/bin/gnome-shell                                                             
16622 m         20   0 1373.5m 562.5m 105.6m S   0.0  14.9  69:48.68 /usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr -contentproc -childID 53 -isForBrowser -prefsL+ 
26012 m         20   0  731.7m 191.8m  96.4m R  12.5   5.1  41:27.76 /usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr -contentproc -childID 196 -isForBrowser -prefs+ 
10888 m         20   0  865.3m 197.3m 100.7m S   0.0   5.2  38:21.26 /usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr -contentproc -childID 151 -isForBrowser -prefs+ 
16635 m         20   0 1148.8m 354.6m  99.8m S   0.0   9.4  35:34.04 /usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr -contentproc -childID 54 -isForBrowser -prefsL+ 
  910 m         20   0  155.9m  35.7m  28.0m S   6.2   0.9  32:11.17 /usr/bin/Xwayland :0 -rootless -terminate -accessx -core -listen 4 -listen 5 -d+ 
13235 m         20   0  753.5m 203.3m  68.4m S   0.0   5.4  20:22.73 /usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr -contentproc -childID 2 -isForBrowser -prefsLe+ 
 1230 m         20   0  119.7m  31.5m  24.5m S   0.0   0.8  12:45.41 /usr/lib/gnome-terminal/gnome-terminal-server                                    
13485 m         20   0  455.3m  80.1m  66.2m S   0.0   2.1   7:19.20 /usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr -contentproc -childID 6 -isForBrowser -prefsLe+ 
  471 avahi     20   0    6.4m   3.2m   2.8m S   0.0   0.1   2:37.74 avahi-daemon: running [m.local]                                                  
23232 m         20   0  212.2m  26.6m  21.7m S   0.0   0.7   2:32.75 /usr/lib/firefox-esr/firefox-esr -contentproc -parentBuildID 20201108181928 -pr+ 
  467 root      20   0   81.0m  10.1m   8.9m S   0.0   0.3   2:14.70 /usr/sbin/NetworkManager --no-daemon                                             
    1 root      20   0   35.6m   6.5m   5.2m S   0.0   0.2   2:12.48 /sbin/init                                                                       
   10 root      20   0    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m I   0.0   0.0   1:44.05 [rcu_sched]                                                                      
  453 message+  20   0    7.9m   4.2m   3.2m S   0.0   0.1   1:33.23 /usr/bin/dbus-daemon --system --address=systemd: --nofork --nopidfile --systemd+ 
  993 m         20   0   64.7m   7.0m   6.4m S   0.0   0.2   1:02.49 /usr/lib/gnome-settings-daemon/gsd-sharing                                       
  142 root      -2   0    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m S   0.0   0.0   0:56.26 [i915/signal:0]                                                                  
 5209 m         20   0  307.6m   6.0m   4.7m S   0.0   0.2   0:53.37 /usr/lib/speech-dispatcher-modules/sd_espeak-ng /etc/speech-dispatcher/modules/+ 
 5206 m         20   0  285.9m   4.1m   3.6m S   0.0   0.1   0:53.12 /usr/lib/speech-dispatcher-modules/sd_dummy /etc/speech-dispatcher/modules/dumm+ 
 5203 m         20   0  285.9m   4.1m   3.6m S   0.0   0.1   0:53.04 /usr/lib/speech-dispatcher-modules/sd_generic /etc/speech-dispatcher/modules/ge+ 
23550 root       0 -20    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m I   0.0   0.0   0:38.72 [kworker/0:0H-kblockd]                                                           
 1133 m         20   0  236.0m  84.7m  21.2m S   0.0   2.2   0:32.14 /usr/bin/gnome-software --gapplication-service                                   
  458 root      20   0   13.4m   3.5m   3.2m S   0.0   0.1   0:27.35 /sbin/wpa_supplicant -u -s -O /run/wpa_supplicant                                
   17 root      20   0    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m S   0.0   0.0   0:23.80 [ksoftirqd/1]                                                                    
 1142 m         20   0  864.4m  22.7m   8.1m S   0.0   0.6   0:23.44 /usr/lib/tracker/tracker-store                                                   
  595 root      20   0   55.9m   8.7m   6.1m S   0.0   0.2   0:22.85 /usr/lib/upower/upowerd                                                          
  183 root      20   0    0.0m   0.0m   0.0m S   0.0   0.0   0:21.08 [jbd2/mmcblk0p1-]
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