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Old 2020-05-10, 15:29   #1
Mar 2018

2·5·53 Posts
Default Ec prime exponents

Ec primes are primes formed by concatenation in base 10 of two consecutive Mersenne numbers, 157 for example.

The form is

(2^k-1)*10^d + 2^(k-1)-1=P(k) where d is the number of decimal digits of 2^(k-1)-1

Let r(1) denote the least exponent such that P(k) is prime
r(2) the next exponent such that P(k) is prime...
and so on...

For example r(1)=2, r(2)=3,r(3)=4, r(4)=7...r(30)=92020...r(i)...

I noticed that if i divides r(i), then r(i) +1 is prime.

There are only 5 cases known so it could be coincidence

r(1)=2, 2 is divisible by 1 and 3 is prime
r(6)=12, 12 is divisible by 6 and 13 is prime
r(9)=36, 36 is divisible by 9 and 37 is prime
r(26)=56238, 56238 is divisible by 26 and 56239 is prime
r(27)=69660, 69660 is divisible by 27 and 69661 is prime

1,6,9,27 satisfy the recurrence

a(1)=1, a(2)=6,

So I wonder if 54 divides r(54)...i think this is impossible to test

apart from 3

13, 37, 56239, 69661 are primes of the form 6k+1

I notice also that 36 is congruent to 6^2 mod 323
56238 is congruent to 6^2 mod 323
69660 is congruent to 6^3-1 mod 323

Now I consider the sum

c'est a dire the sum of i/r(i) when i divides r(i) ...

I conjecture that this sum converges to a constant 1.02508...very close to 5/4....

Curiously 1,0,2,5,0,8 are the first six terms of Oeis sequence A111466 involving Fibonacci numbers

2,12,36,69660 (not multiple of 13) are also divisible by the sum of their digits

2 is divisible by 2
12 is divisible by (1+2)
36 is divisible by (3+6)
69660 is divisible by (6+9+6+6=27)

the multiple of 12 (12, 36, 69660) are divisible by the sum of their digits and by i. They are also divisible by a perfect square>1.

56238 is multiple of 13 and it is not divisible by the sum of their digits but by i=26. 56238 is not divisible by a square>1 infact 56238 is squarefree

So I could conjecture that if i divides r(i) and r(i) is a multiple of 13, then r(i) is square free, but also this conjecture is hard to test

56238 is divisible by the sum of his digits in base 6

Now I consider the sum

I don't know if this sum is infinite or not

The sum is taken over the primes (3,13,37,56239,69661) a(i) +1 when i divides a(i). The numerator (1,6,9,26,27) is the position in the vector of the exponents leading to a prime.
Using Wolphram I found that
1/3+6/13+9/37+26/56239+27/69661 is very close to (923/8768)*pi^2 or (9/5)*gamma where gamma is euler mascheroni constant

now I consider sigma(x) that is the sum of the divisors of x, for x>2

sigma(12)=28 is a multiple of 7
sigma(36)=91 is a multiple of 7
sigma(56238)=139776 is a multiple of 7
sigma(69660)=223608=21*22^3 is a multiple of 7

consider the Pell equation (3x)^2-10*y^2=-1

x=56239 and y=53353 is a solution
56239=56238+1 is prime

53353 is prime


2886 is divisible by 3, 13 and 37

Last fiddled with by enzocreti on 2020-11-25 at 10:35
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